What is Distributed Production? Today, developed countries use fossil fuels for most of their energy needs; through large-scale and central energy generation facilities that benefit from the potential energy of water or benefit from nuclear energy.
Although these facilities produce bright figures in terms of production efficiency; they often need long power transmission lines to transmit the generated energy to residential units and industrial facilities, which causes transmission losses.
In addition, many factors arising from economic, medical, geographical, political and security concerns are taken into consideration in choosing the places where electrical power generation facilities will be established.
For example, if you want to create The structure of a hydroelectric power plant should be built on a stream with properties that can carry it, but the geological and ecological structure of the region and the social impact on the lives of people living in the region should be taken into account.
These and similar situations remain a natural frontier in front of energy production. Moreover, due to the increasing environmental sensitivity today; the osmsity of these plants and their effects on air pollution are also a question mark.
At this point, due to their long-low production capacity; ideas for effective use of ignored local energy sources have been revived.
In the past, it was required to build solar fields or wind farms in large areas to take advantage of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar; these facilities are now effectively integrated into the network, even if they are installed in a lower capacity and dispersed way.
What is Distributed Production? – Smart Network Infrastructure
Thanks to its intelligent grid infrastructure and the two-way energy transfer it brings, features such as efficient and fast error control; local energy sources (wind, solar, geothermal, etc.) have avoided waiting dormantly. In this way, it is widely called "distributed production", as can be understood from the characteristics of energy production through facilities that are established in a messy state and are densely diverse.
On the other hand, greenhouse gas emissions from the use of these fossil fuels are a serious environmental problem and are becoming more serious every day, while "global warming" threatens the future of our planet.
The accident at Japan's Fukushima facilities has once again emerged as an alternative solution to these problems, and how dangerous nuclear power was once upon a time with high hopes.
The central power plants in operation today have very advanced technologies. However, the reduced probability of failure and the height of production efficiency cannot hide the resulting energy bottleneck.
Previously established to minimize risk, this central system carries serious risks on its own today. As a matter of fact, most of the power outages today are caused by faults originating from transmission lines or substations. In addition, energy losses on these lines reduce efficiency.
Distributed electricity generation provides some advantages that we can rank under the following headings that are looked at throughout the system;
- Energy efficiency,
- Fuel diversity,
- Effective risk protection,
- Continuity and security of supply,
- Local development,
- That he doesn't need additional investment.
Liberalization of the Energy Market
The most important element in the concept of "liberal" market is to adapt to changing economic developments in the most flexible way.
What is Distributed Production? Distributed production technologies hold this advantage thanks to their relatively small size and short installation times.
For this reason, in order to close the gap in the existing market, producers are concentrating on distributed production with increasing momentum and directing their interest in this area. This also means that a consumer can choose the most "suitable" energy source for him or her.
Due to current consumer habits such as wind and solar; although there is a social resistance to relatively innovative energy sources; The increasing economic advantage of distributed production is causing this resistance to become increasingly weak, signaling that it will be largely eliminated in the near future.
Because distributed production offers a quick and flexible solution to urgent energy needs; it also has a natural filter, preventing potential price fluctuations that may occur during such "peak" moments.
Reliability and Power Quality
When it comes to reliability problems in electrical networks, sudden voltage drops often come to mind. These decreases sometimes cause long-term problems and may cause partial or general "crashes" in some instances.
In many developed European countries, reliability levels are quite high due to advanced engineering standards, and consumers are not affected by these voltage drops. They don't have to think of him as a problem.
However, as changes in the structure of the energy market and increased "liberalisation" have shifted to a price-based approach by changing this approach that brings quality to the forefront, future standards may cause consumers to feel these problems more seriously.
On the other hand, the importance of reliable and continuous energy for industrial production is quite clear. In many areas, from communication to the chemical industry, the material equivalent of otherwise damaging damages can be quite high.
It is quite possible that companies in these industries will go out of their way to establish their own high standards of reliability problems in grid-derived energy and to establish and invest in their own distributed production facilities.
In addition to the aforementioned high-grade voltage drop-offs, lower-impact voltage irregularities and deviations from the ideal wave form may occur due to network structure problems and on-off errors, and harmonics and phase imbalances may occur on the mains. This causes the current power quality to decrease.
Conflicting views on the effects of distributed production on power quality make their own arguments.
On the one hand, where power transmission is difficult and the power needs are high, additional facilities that can work in sync with the existing grid can provide the need to be met, while two-way energy transmission inhering in distributed production can play a disruptive role in disrupting the grid balance.