Although there are many reasons to encourage distributed production investments, including clean and safe energy production, production is distributed; The central system is still responsible for control (in the hands of third-party firms or direct consumers) may bring to mind some problems that may be caused by incompatibilities between the network and distributed production centers.
Smart Grid security, power quality, isolation scenarios; it is vital to answer many of these questions positively, including infrastructure management, system planning and control.
In the event of an unexpected failure, distributed production systems must be built to provide safe facilities, personnel, users and other third-party practitioners.
Integration of smart meters and communication techniques; With solutions such as private or publicly available Wi-Fi and WiMAX applications, smart networks can control reverse power flow, unusual situations, and production instantaneous values.
When smart network communication solutions are combined with standard inspection mechanisms; we will have a clearer perspective and healthier foresaws than we previously had.
As disconnecting from the mains escases the power transmission at the required quality, level and frequency; it is often undesirable for industrially distributed production facilities to run within a closed network.
Additional control mechanisms are needed to safely separate distributed production facilities from the system.
Security signal-based methods that have been used as men for a long time due to the high cost; it seems to be replaced by relatively cheap and reliable communication solutions brought about by smart networks.
For example, facilities that will turn to WiMAX solutions in a wide area thanks to this high-speed communication technique; it will be able to solve this problem at a very low cost compared to classical methods.
Connecting Distributed Production Facilities to Smart Networks
Most facilities have various levels of distributed automation control systems and SCADA solutions; it has the appropriate possibilities for current control and analysis with high precision.
However, some problems may arise when distributed production facilities are connected to a lower-controlled network; distributed production output can lead to stabilization loss at minimum or maximum production moments.
These effects will increase exponentially as more renewable distributed production sources are integrated into the grid.
At this point, high-precision communication solutions from smart networks will be able to provide the necessary data to understand and minimalize these effects.
Facilities also keep close monitoring to integrate smart grid distribution management systems into control centers.
These systems should provide intelligent alarm applications, load management and better safe operating conditions.
Energy Storage Technologies
As energy storage technologies evolve, applications that can act as both load and source will be developed to eliminate production fluctuations at peaks; smart networks need to be able to examine system effects from both the manufacturer's and consumer's eyes.
The rising usage trend of distributed production sources increases the importance of calculations such as capacity factor, voltage and frequency control.
Other challenges arise as a result of their nature of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar; Taking into account the need to carefully examine the characteristics and characteristics of all distributed energy sources so that long-term distributed energy production can be kept under control.
In the name of the networks to provide safe operation under these conditions; real-time data and proper processing of that data.
Another key point in the integration of distributed production facilities into smart networks is the ability of the facilities to read, process and act on information from the source and the rest of the network.
Thanks to evolving information technologies and new solutions (such as ESB's) – with the help of information processing tools – the time interval between sensor information and motion information is gradually narrowing, and faster and more efficient response systems are possible.
John Tan TURAN