What are energy and energy generation methods? I'll answer your questions for you. Energy, in its simplest terms, is the ability to do business. We need energy in every area of our lives, even in the simplest jobs we do. The place of energy in industry and industry, which is used and required in every activity we perform daily; the food we need to live in is no different than water, air and soil. According to research by the UEA (International Energy Agency), which gives life to machines, smokes chimneys in factories, and needs energy that illuminates our night; if globalism, industry and population growth continue at the same pace, it will be twice as high as it is today in 2030.
So how does the world offer this energy to the billions of people who live on it? Are we aware of all the energy he unleashes? What we don't realize, and how do we get more from it, how do we use what we get more efficiently? All of these great studies to answer the questions, even as research gradually shows the results; Not only is it not enough to close the energy gap after 20 years, but the developing technology for finding new energy sources and using energy efficiently is not sufficient.
Nevertheless, the new ways that have emerged in recent years and the technology that continues to develop surprise human beings, but they contribute to the world with different energy production paths that will amaze them. The newest of these is the garbage electric power generation project. Let's examine these facilities in detail, which have been purchased in a few areas that have just been operational.
What are energy and energy generation methods? – Method of Generating Electricity from Garbage
The idea of ing manufacturing electricity from garbage is the first; It was caused by methane gas explosions in land storage areas created in turkey in the past.
After the work carried out in this area, the dumps were purchased by the producers, the majority of which are divided into classes of garbage formed by organic waste, combost, biogas and energy production is provided. These storage and parsing processes are the basis and most important part of its production.
Methane gas is 60 percent of the gases produced by proper storage, while this gas is the most effective part of energy production. Another gas released is carbon dioxide; Algae, which are single-celled creatures living in nature, can be taken for use in studies related to the production of oxygen using this gas intensively.
Methane is an odorless, colorless and flammable gas, but its unit weight is less than airborne. When this concentration of methane is compounded with sufficient oxygen (by air) and reaches the upper limit, it is burned when it catches fire, but it is not explosive. Energy production from these tank gases can be in different ways.
Direct Heating Applications
This application is to convert the resulting gas into heat energy by burning it in the simplest way. This heat energy can be used for heating in industrial boilers, brick furnaces and greenhouses.
Electricity Generation Applications
In cases where direct burning is not appropriate, the cheapest energy production is possible with the production of electrical energy from these gases. We can generate electricity with gas engines, steam turbines and fuel batteries.
Electricity generation is also the use of energy coming into the engine as electrical energy as a result of the burning of this gas in engines where tank gas is used as fuel. These gases can be used as fuel sources in engines, as well as in gas turbines, they can be used as fuel and their energy can be used in the same way.
While the cogeneration method used in industrial facilities is very important for energy efficiency, it has been observed that electricity and heat energy are produced and used separately at the same time, resulting in more energy efficiency than being produced separately. This method of application is quite common in the world.
Apart from these methods, these gases can also be processed and puried to pipeline-quality gas and used in various vehicles and even in natural gas plants.
Here, even a few methods of how energy can be obtained through the technology that has emerged in recent years contribute to the development of the world, and once again bring to mind the idea that there may be a wide range of methods that have not yet been found. I hope you never run out of energy to make our world more beautiful….