Modular Smart Network Platform; A new technology that has been used in the past few years shows the point at which the search for the first two of this previous article came from.
The software and hardware integrated system, which we can call modular Smart Grid Platform, reads the electrical current through induction, taking advantage of network-fed clamp sensors placed on power lines.
The read point energy flow information is collected via the wireless mesh network established between sensors and sent for evaluation in the smart software in the center.
The energy flow between the sensors between any two points along the line is controlled and the technical loss and leakage are detected separately compared to its normal value.
To determine the point location of the energy loss, it is sufficient to measure different combinations by locing the sensors. As the number of combinations is increased, the type, quantity, point location of leakage is calculated more clearly thanks to the intelligent algorithm that learns.
One transmission or distribution line is implemented at a time, the sensors can be shifted to another line after the problem on this line is resolved.
Sensors placed on overhead lines can be integrated onto the line to remain continuous for the purpose of ensuring the operaon safety of the mains elements, as well as the diagnosis of loss and leakage.
There are different types of sensors for parameter tracking of all fider types and mains elements.
At the beginning of operational security is the pre-detection and precautionary measures that may arise due to overloading of transformers through real-time load monitoring.
The data can be collected from sensors placed at the endpoints, or the central software is designed to be fed as an additional source from energy analyzers already placed in substations. The structure of the software, which can be integrated into the SCADA and GIS modules of distribution companies, allows the details of the profit losses that loss-smuggled amounts bring to the companies directly into the system.
The above schematic can see the operational use of the system.
The performance of key units in the transmission and distribution network can be monitored and compared to past performances and forward estimates can be made.
The information collected from the sensors can be presented to the technicalists, system operators and planners in the form of different scopes of reporting, ensuring that decisions are taken quickly and field application is done with optimum cost and timing.
With the liberalization of the electricity and natural gas market and the use of environmentally friendly, alternative and renewable energy sources such as wind, photovoltaics, there is a structural change in the energy sector.
Due to the increasingly distributed production, new requirements are emerging in the supply and management of energy based on smart grids to ensure energy supply safety and quality.
Smart grid management in energy companies is only possible through business processes, field equipment, IT (Information Technology) systems and the integration of users so that they can maintain their presence in a competitive environment.
In our country, efforts have been initiated in the name of developing this technology. Reengen company, founded in 2012 with state support, has completed the prototype of the platform.
Modular smart grid technology stands out in cheap intermediate systems, which are inevitable for efficient operation of smart networks. This innovative solution is an essential intermediate step in the transition to full-fledged smart grid systems.
(1) EPDK Electricity Market Report, 2010
(2) Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
(3) Turkey's Energy Outlook Report, 2012, TMMOB Chamber of Mechanical Engineers
(4) Energy Report,2011,Turkish National Committee of the World Energy Council (DEK-TMK)
(5) Electrical Privatizations Report, 2012, TMMOB Chamber of Electrical Engineers