To better understand for mobile communication of 5G, if we turkishize 5. Perhaps the first step in better understanding the next generation of mobile communication technology is to take a brief look at mobile communication generations, namely G (Generation).
1G (First Generation- First Generation) Mobile Communication
1G mobile communication is also known as AMPS (Advanced Mobile Radio System). It is a mobile communication technology for providing analog audio communication over radio frequency with relatively large mobile phones. It was first used in North America in the early 1980s, but its extensive use was seen in the 1990s. Data rate recorded: 14.4 kbps (kilobits per second)
2G (Second Generation) Mobile Communications
Digital cellular mobile communication based on; time-split multi-access (TDMA- time division multiple access) technology based on 2G GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication). Digital audio and digital data transfer was possible with 2G. It was widely used in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
There were generations switched between 2G and 3G. The 2.5G and 2.75G generations were bridges between 2G and 3G.
- 2.5G GPRS (Generalized Packet Radio Service) ;which allows GSM data packets to be transmitted via a wireless interface in a row. Internet and data rate at 2.5G saw 40 Kbps.
- 2.75G EDGE (Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution) technology made data speeds as high as 500 Kbps possible.
3G (Third Generation- Third Generation) Mobile Communication
With 3G mobile communication, internet-based applications such as web browsers, multimedia and navigation have started to come into our lives. 3G had CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) technology, allowing multiple users access to the same channel. While 3G technology had an average data rate of 500-700 Kbps, we could instantly see speeds of 3 Mbps (Megabits per second). With 3G, we’ve translated the description of data speeds from K to M. 3G is also known as the IMT-2000 (ITU 2019).
- 3.5G This intermediate communication technology gained HSPA (High-Speed Packet Access) technology, making it a stepping stone to higher speeds, showing that average speeds can be 1-3 Mbps and instant speeds can be 14.4 Mbps.
4G (Fourth Generation) Mobile Communications
Developed on the basis of 4G, 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and ITU (2018a) standards, LTE (Long Term Evolution) and LTE Advanced (LTE – A) have added communication technology to our lives. LTE standards have increaseded internet service quality with higher speed and lower latency based on OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access). With 4G communication, it allows for data speeds of an average of 3-5 Mbps and instantaneous 100-300 Mbps.
- 4.5G or LTE Advanced Pro is also developed in accordance with 3GPP’s Release g13 (3GPP 2015) and Release 14 (3GPP 2014) standards. 4.5G uses Massive MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technology that will come into our lives with 5G and allows instant speeds of 3Gbps.
With 4.5G, data transmission speeds have been switched from M to G.
5G (Fifth Generation) Mobile Communications
You can access the definition, applications, business models and many more content in the 5G category of our 5G related site. Therefore, I would like to say that there is communication technology here that will change our era, without mentioning it too much.
Our country’s operators have also started their work in the field of 5G and the results are promising.