Day by day, migration from rural to urban is increasing. This is creating a crazy consumption chart in mega cities. It already seems very difficult to meet the consumption demands that will occur in the future. Energy Efficiency with New Technologies comes up as a solution.
Every day, terrible scenarios come up about the life span of the Earth. The ecosystem is slowly collapsing.
Climate change is an indication of that. The first steps to protecting this ecosystem are protecting natural resources and reducing consumption. It plays an important role in reducing the environmental impact of energy consumption, waste production and toxic gas emissions.
The world is transformed into a place where companies and government agencies; that demand better information and services are connected by new technologies that provide added value. Here, too, internet of things technology comes up.
Thanks to the development of the scope of this technology over time; he became a fundamental player in the formation of smart cities.
Today, traffic, air, water, energy production and consumption; can be measured and communicated with each other in real time with sensors.
Thanks to the Internet of Things, all data sources can be utilly used and transformed into high-value services.
This data is connected by buildings, vehicles, factories, electricity generation facilities, lighting, creating “smart” cities.
As a matter of fact, since the late 1990s, the foundation of smart services implemented in various sectors, especially in the industrial sector, is based on the concept of Machine to Machine (M2M).
In fact, the most widely used internet of things applications in the industrial sector are monitoring and maintaining facilities, remotely managed operations.
These uses are framed by the concept of Industry 4.0, which is already understood as the 4th industrial revolution in the sector: the collection of digital technologies in the industry.
On the other hand, if we look at cities, energy consumption in urban areas in the EU is 60–80% of the total consumption.
Energy Efficiency and IoT with New Technologies
Thanks to technologies developed with the Internet of Things, institutions or citizens can understand what energy costs are driving and minimize the demand for resource use. In this way, energy saving becomes a culture.
To ensure energy efficiency, processes or infrastructures need to be equipped with sensors, monitored in real time, and energy consumption characterized and optimized.
The Internet of Things is the main player in this line of work. In addition, with three main challenges, such as climate change, energy supply security and the need to increase competitiveness, the energy context serves as an arm for state-owned companies and organizations to place energy efficiency at the center of their own action strategies.
Smart cities will help minimize demand for energy consumption.
Internet of Things technology will help consumers and businesses take advantage of opportunities to improve energy efficiency. In short, emerging new technologies will change cities, institutions and habits.