Expectations and Facts in Remote Meter Reading; Since the beginning of the widespread use of computer technology in the electricity distribution sector since the 1990s; there has been no significant change in the customer service business model and the existing one has been preserved to this day.
Especially the Minister of Energy, Mr. Taner Yildiz's statement that "remote reading and opening cutting operations will be started starting from Istanbul with 10,000 smart meters in the electricity distribution sector", and recently came up frequently; smart networks and counters, as well as the Minister of Finance Mr. Mehmet Simsek's press "Sim Card Tax to be used in devices other than the phone to be used after the announcement of the work " remote meter reading studies in some distribution companies are seen to be accelerating.
National media reports on this issue by reading and monitoring smart meters remotely, electricity leaks will be eliminated. I think this news is due to incomplete information.
Leaked Minutes of Distribution Companies
When distribution companies take out an inventory of the leaked minutes they have edited within a year; they will find that the majority of the fugitives were made by other methods other than counter-interference.
The numerical rate of the use of illegal electricity by interfering with the count or by methods other than interfering with the count is separate; The size of consumption is a more separate problem! Sometimes sayaca is an act of illegal electricity use by methods other than interference; more consumption than hundreds of actions taken by interfering with the count means the use of illegal electricity.
Moreover, the idea that remote control and control of meters and electrical leaks will end unless supported by solid data does not reflect much accurateness and is a dangerous method that can cause deviations in companies' strategies and goals.
It is not possible to completely eliminate leaks by remote reading and monitoring of the counter. As it is known, electricity meters can only record data that it perceives as electricity consumption! So how to prevent leaks without entering the counter with this system?, and also the remote power cut and opening of a meter may not always be a solution to the conclusion;
Regulations with Expectations and Facts in Remote Meter Reading
In accordance with the decision of the Board of Epdk, which was published in the Official Gazette no. 25347 on 15.01.2004;
"6) APPLICATIONS FOR PRIVATE TRAFFIC SUBSCRIBERS:
The subscriber fed by the detached transformer has the main values for invoicing by increasing the active and reactive energy consumption in the billing period to not more than 3.5% (three commas and five percent) if the measurement is done on the low voltage side (0.4 kV).
However, if it is found that consumption is made below one month's losses on the label from the transformer under idle voltage, the difference between active and reactive losses on the label and active and reactive consumption on the counter is also billed as transformer loss."
In accordance with the above recognition, customers who are working seasonily, such as agricultural irrigation customers, and who do not have consumption in the off-season, will either have to be paid by the customer or the power will have to be cut off from the transformer if the power is cut off from the meter, the loss of transformers that will accrue each month.
As the above reasons suggests, the automatic meter reading system is not a magic formula; remote meter reading and opening/cutting and reducing lost leakage rates alone is not enough.
Remote Control and Control Facilities
In all conditions and environment, both by using remote control and control facilities, and by doing direct on-site inspection and inspection, the fight against leakage electricity should be continued, and a very important situation should be given sufficient attention to the issue of meter/adjustment and measurement circuits.
As mentioned above, counters can only record the data they perceive, the source of information on the basis of the system must be healthy, the index you receive from a meter does not mean that there is consumption of that subscriber, leaks made without going into the count, current transformer failures, such as factors that affect the correct consumption.
Nevertheless, remotely readable and cutting counters and systems are a must for every distribution company and it is inthinkable to give up! But the important thing is how and how much this system can be exploited.
Epdk President Mr. Hasan Köktaş's interview, published on some websites, in particular to lower the limits of free consumers; remote reading and electronic monitoring is essential. This means that after this stage, remote reading will inevitably be implemented. Then it would be an application in favor of distribution companies to start this process as a moment by doing detailed analysis of the system than being caught off-the-phone.
In addition, the epdk board decision published on 10.04.2011 and numbered 27901 in the official newspaper and the automatic meter application to be included in the counters and application date specified, distribution companies will start to install the Automatic Meter reading System compulsorily.
Automatic Counter Reading Strategies
Within the scope of this project, a lot of information can be produced that will form the strategies of the companies.
It would not be a very efficient application to use this system only to take the latest index information from the electricity meter and convert it into an invoice and to turn on and cut the electricity of those who do not pay the debt,
As it is known, distribution companies need to adopt a system that has the ability to read at least six different brands of counters, half of which are domestic, in the automated meter reading system.
Then i'm going to have to ask you to
- In what format will consumption and power information received from different brand counters be received,
- What information will be used for what purpose,
- What information will interact with each other,
- What information will be available to other departments,
- How to control data and what data to control,
- Use of accrual-based information from counters in the system,
Identifications must be completed during the system setup phase.
In order for the system to work healthily, the customer's plant and credentials must be complete during the installation inspection/temporary acceptance and contract phase, in general there is customer information so far that the customer counter brand, stamp year and customer counter serial number have not been registered correctly or stamp year information has not been updated.
Electric Meter Brands
During the initial phase of the automatic meter reading system, especially the counter brand and serial numbers need to be corrected in the information management system of the distribution company, otherwise there may be problems matching counter numbers and route numbers and power on/cutting during the accrual phase.
Apart from all this, a detailed study should be carried out on which technology/technologies would be appropriate in the region before the automatic meter reading system was acquired, and if an opinion appears on the use of multiple technologies, then it should be stated how to integrate and co-use the data received using different technologies on a platform.
Service servers will, of course, argue that their own solutions are the best, perhaps they won't consider the additional demands of distribution companies or even sell unnecessary hardware or software (such as creating massive meter reading system rooms, as in some distribution companies) to increase sales turnover.
The important thing here is to provide a solution that can meet the needs, open to development, modular, dynamic and service support.
Last Word: "We do not know anything. True can only be found in the depths of truth."