Being a Smart Consumer in the World of Smart Energy
Consumers play a key role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. There are serious changes in our daily lives. Change is caused by both personal expectations and the pressure and need of energy companies to adapt to the developing world.
Our changing daily flow…
Our globe is warming up and many countries are pre-inging various incentives and activities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. How will our daily lives be affected? I would like to offer a different perspective…
In the year 2023, the location of our event is at an airport abroad. Mr. Mehmet is a businessman who travels frequently and is waiting for his plane to return to Turkey; having a very ordinary business and travel day. Then, unexpectedly, a message falls on his smartphone, the message comes from the electricity retailer where he receives services.
The incoming message offers a special energy price option for Mr. Mehmet (Smart Consumer) and has only 3 hours to take advantage of it. Mr. Mehmet signed an agreement with a new electricity retail company 3 months ago and chose the option of using private energy in scope.
As a businessman and also an environmentally conscious family man, he does his best to contribute to reducing global warming.
Seeing the contribution of the incoming message to the consumption in his home and how much carbon traces will be reduced; he accepts the offer that comes with pleasure. The retail company offers a special price of 6 months in exchange for handing over control of the air conditioner at home to them for one week each month.
By clicking on the link in the attachment of the incoming message; it enters the necessary information from the page coming over the internet and activates the offer. Of course, it can always take control of the air conditioner in that time. But as a matter of agreement, this will cause a more expensive electricity consumption cost.
New energy environment in a specialized world
Today, energy distribution and retail system has been customized all over Turkey and cooperation with the private sector has started to be used more efficiently. We see a similar approach all over the world.
Each country and union (e.g. THE EU energy contract, or ARRA rules applicable to the UNITED States), pens its own rules and enforces them through regulators. EPDK is conducting this task in Turkey. The Ministry of Environment and Urbanism and The Ministries of Energy and Natural Resources are targeting to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 21% by using energy that can be renewed at a rate of 30% in 2023 in joint activities and explanations.
Carbon Footprint & Climate Change
Carbon footprint and climate change are just some of the reasons why all energy layers; from production to consumption, are affected and forced to regulate in our changing world.
Fresh air, habitable and sustainable living spaces, etc.b. are also observed. Across the European Union; targets for 2030 range from 30% to 40% (targets are revised and additional measures are taken during certain periods). While some countries plan to stop or stop coal plants; Scandinavian countries have gone out of their way to obtain energy from garbage and import garbage from surrounding countries!
According to the August 2016 Electricity Sector report published by EPDK, the renewable energy ratio is as low as 40% including hydropower plants, but below 8% in terms of next.b-generation renewable resources (wind, solar, biomass, etc.). Our energy source continues to be natural gas (at 34% and imported in whole).
The most effective way to achieve these goals is to establish; a “fully integrated smart grid” and take advantage of local energy sources. In order to do this; we need to understand how energy is consumed, increase energy efficiency, change our energy consumption habits and reduce it at the same rate.
Smart Energy Grids
Smart Grids, which basically come across as an electronically managed network; is a structure that interacts with the consumer, that is, it interacts with the consumer. The Smart Grids will be no different from traditional networks without a two-sided communication; being managed at any time and where it is requested.
The first step is to convert traditional grids into smart grids. Unfortunately, it’s not as easy as it says. The principles of traditional grids were put in place at least 100 years ago; have become standard and are now structured and expanded to deliver electricity to the consumer.
I would like to briefly address some of the terms that have just entered our lives and introduce them with some simple suggestions. These are;
- Scattered Production
- Storage systems
- Duplex smart meter
- In-home dashboards
- Free Energy Exchange
Many expectations and rules have changed today. In order to predict how much; when and in what way the electrical power of the power grid will be consumed, the application called demand estimation is now used.
Another difference is that energy affects the grid in two directions. Unlicensed users who produce energy through solar panels, wind farms and biomass; can then sell the remaining (if any) energy to wholesalers who trade in distribution or electricity after meeting their own consumption.
Moreover, as before, there is talk of a production that can be made from anywhere; not at certain points (producing dispersed energy).
In our example above, Mr. Mehmet uses hot water and solar panels that he can produce unlicensed and place the electrical energy he will need in the day house on his roof. In fact, he thought about setting up a storage center to store the over-produced energy of the day. But when he saw the costs, he immediately gave it up.
Let’s continue with Mr. Mehmet’s as a smart consumer example. While the storage system had given up its thinking, its new retailer came up with a proposal, offering to sell its energy to an energy storage operator with which it is in-house/connected, and in contrast, if it produced more than it consumed depending on its use in its monthly bill, it came with a contract that included credit transfer to its account and, vice versa, monthly invoice regulation.
Mr. Mehmet, who was a little confused at first, asked for time to think and thinned the offer through fikret bey’s consulting company, which he saw as close to him. By making some counter-suggestions to the retailer, he ultimately accepted the offer and agreed to sell the energy he produced to a central storage system.
In the Western world, “storage system operators” work like retailers, depending on regulation and licensing based on the amount of energy operated. It would be no surprising if we saw this in Turkey in 2023.
In particular, the costs of battery and storage management systems have a significant cost advantage in wholesale applications. At the same time, new breakthroughs and investigations are being made regarding storage systems in Turkey. We can count institutions such as Tubibitak, TTGV, ITU, METU and YTU as examples.
Duplex smart meter
Although Mr. Mehmet, who can now sell his much energy produced, is satisfied, he goes back to Fikret bey’s consulting firm while researching how to control the energy he produces and consumes. After a brief exchange of information, he recommends that he first receive a two-way working and contactable smart meter.
Mr. Fikret, who sorts out some of the brands he considers reliable, offers to provide the relevant counter if he wants to and to provide a connection between both the retailer, the storage operator and Mr. Mehmet’s house. Mr. Mehmet accepts the offer without thinking.
Two-way meters can detect the energy consumed and produced separately today. In particular, it can provide OBIS (Object Identification System) codes in detail and store relevant information in its memory and the counter data collection system to which it is connected.
Because of its smart ly, it can be loaded remotely with different recipes, provide accurate data up to minutes, and trigger the external connection cutter circuit to consume the energy generated locally in case of a problem or failure in the energy system.
It provides instant information not only to the retailer, storage operator or distribution company, but also to the dashboard (In-House Display – IHD) that is at Mr. Mehmet’s house. The same dashboard provides information and management capability through the application installed on Mr. Mehmet’s smartphone.
In order to monitor both the energy generated and consumed, Mehmet Bey (Smart Consumer) retailer has provided both an in-House Display (IHD) and a smartphone application in the home. IHD is provided free of money in exchange for a 24-month commitment (while in some countries there is a deposit application, others offer it as a “commitment” thanks, e.g. USA and United Kingdom).
The dashboard can also instantly see its status, as well as track if the possible month-end invoice is credited or credited. The same retailer can see the best consumer performance and average performance comparison, and can see and analyze a lot of information such as consuming devices (provided it has a communication interface), hourly evaluation, consumption in the past months and the same month.b in the past years, carbon footprint, etc.
In-home dashboards appear to be one of the best tools for consumers to join the Smart Network environment as active users. Without the participation or warning of the customers, consumers can make their own decisions quickly.
Free Energy Exchange
Mr. Mehmet our smart consumer is very satisfied with the information he has received and has developed a good cooperation with the retailer and storage system operator. On a monthly basis, the amount of energy used at home is not sufficient by the solar panels and storage company, so it is required to purchase energy from the retail company.
While discussing daily issues with his friends at noon, Mr. Mehmet questioned energy consumption and how he could reduce it with his friends. Mr. Selçuk is talking about the free energy exchange to Mr. Mehmet. The stock market also information that energy prices can be seen on a monthly, daily or even hourly basis and that forward/pre-day offers can be received.
He is asked to subscribe to the system, provide information about his previous consumption and fill out a virtual form about energy systems that can be renewed without a license, if any.
After 3 months, Mr. Mehmet enjoys seeing that all his energy investments pay him back and earn money. One question is mind-set, so what else is next?
Mirror mirror nice mirror, do you have a smarter consumer than me?
Based on the example of Mr. Mehmet, we are faced with new facts and solutions in smart meters and network issues every day. In the short story above, I tried to convey some specific topics within a particular stream.
In addition, passive home applications, in-home automation systems, etc. can participate in the use and charging of electric vehicles for the employees of their businesses.
It is linked to how efficiently and efficiently the tools provided by smart consumer operators are used. A stand-alone consumer can do the most in-home automation, control consumption by traditional methods, or buy affordable energy, but for comparison, campaigns, etc., operators must be supportive. It is important to remember that STATE policies are also a must.
New Market, New Players, New Term (Smart Consumer)
For years, the energy market was run by the energy giants of the state and private sector. With market releases for the development of competition, city governments, towns, communities, as well as Telecom operators, capital groups, by-product provider firms have entered the energy business as new players. Not only did it enter, but it also add to the experience and expertise they have achieved in other markets. As an example, Telefonica (Spain) and AT&T (USA) have offered communication and business solutions for energy in their markets and have given a different added value. Ericsson, Alcatel Lucent (merged with Nokia today), Huawei and similar Telecom giants have started to work in line with their expertise in the electricity market. We also see similar examples in consulting companies.
New player profiles are also being born. In the example above, Energy Consultants, Storage System Managers, Energy Free Market players, etc.b. can be seen firsthand.
We see a similar phenomenon in Turkey by mobile communication operators, telecom giants, even the textile and construction industry. As well as its charms, it also bring its problems together due to some unforeseen disruptions.
“Smart” of everything!
Smart apps will give serious direction to our daily lives in the near future and we expect to raise our living standards. It is our duty as a consumer to use the tools offered to us in the most efficient and efficient way and to be a fully SMART CONSUMER by spreading environmental awareness.
Energy Sector / Chief Advisor