WORLD IRRIGATION! Smart irrigation system is one of the smart city components. Basically, the rate of demity in the soil is detected through the nemsity sensors (sensors) placed in the soil. If the rate of demyd is below a certain value and it is known that there will be no rain from meteorological data; initiating automatic irrigation process. So when it’s time to water, the smart valve opens automatically and the watering begins; the smart valve is automatically closed when sufficient irrigation is done. The system can be controlled remotely from the center and via mobile application.
Irrigation is one of the issues that has a lot of agenda in our smart city meetings with municipalities but does not go to the implementation stage. The ineligible irrigation infrastructure, especially in parks and gardens, significantly increases initial investment costs.
The cheapness of the workforce in our country and the sensitive issue of employment in local governments; other reasons preventing smart irrigation projects from being implemented. When the demand for smart irrigation is not high, solution partners have difficulty allocating resources. We have received similar feedback from other municipalities. In fact, we had to change solution partners twice in one of our projects. After these experiences, I believed it was difficult to manage under the ground, 🙂
Why Use Smart Irrigation System?
A few months ago, from a metropolitan municipality, the watering of plants on the middle sidewalk (refüj) with tankers; a project request has been made regarding the design of smart irrigation system. There were several reasons for this request:
- Unnecessary irrigation on the highway due to uncontrolled irrigation causes injury and fatal accidents
- Over-water consumption
- The need for a large number of staff
- Reinforcement tanker irrigation due to insufficient irrigation
- Repeated green space renovation costs every year
Due to both the increase in foreign currency and the pandemic, public institutions have been examining and weaving more frequently in the last few years. In this case, we solution providers attach more importance to the issue of benefit-cost. How much is the initial investment price, how long is the system life, how much is the operating cost and how long is the return time of the investment.
Smart Irrigation System Feasibility
Since decision makers focus on the cost of work, it is very important to be able to put this work ahead of them in a healthy way. I advertised watering by tanker online to take out the current financial cost of the work. On average, the offers for these advertisements were around TL 12,000 per tanker per month.
In addition, I found the prices of tanker and irrigation tenders from EKAP (Electronic Public Procurement Platform). Since these advertisements were more comprehensive, there was a cost of around TL 30,000 per tanker per month. Assuming that an average of 25 people work to i water the project area; the minimum monthly staff cost is 100 thousand TL.
When we consider that 5 tankers will be used monthly, at least 150 thousand TL also costs tankers. When you put them on top of each other, it is currently 250 thousand TL per month, excluding water and gasoline.
Although we also offered the opportunity to pay in installments for 24 months as a company, our offer was not accepted. The return time of the investment is also reasonable, but especially in the period we are in; Public institutions in general do not want to invest if they do not have to.
There’s got to be selectivity in perception, so I came across an interview with the Water Policy Association while listening to the radio. According to the information I obtained from this speech, the agricultural irrigation rate is 70 percent of the total irrigation. As smart agricultural technology; Only 30 percent of agricultural irrigation is used in drip irrigation, which is an efficient method.
It is very valuable to provide financing support for the dissemination of efficient irrigation. If we can provide this support to domestic companies, we will make a double profit. It may seem i had nothing to do with it, but the smart irrigation system can directly affect smart transportation because the use of biofuels to reduce carbon emissions is on the agenda, and the raw material will be products such as wheat and corn.
What is a Water Footprint?
It’s very possible that you’ll find a carbon footprint in environmental studies. Similarly, the water footprint is measured. The water footprint is measured by the amount of water spent in unit time (including evaporation) and/or contaminated.
The water footprint of an individual, society or business; the total amount of clean water resources used for the production of goods and services consumed by the individual or society or used by the manufacturer for the production of goods and services. (Water Footprint Network, 2012)
What are the Types of Water Footprints?
Types of water footprints: Blue, green and gray
- The Blue Water Footprint is used for the total volume of surface and underground freshwater resources needed to produce a property, and they are water sources that traditionally come to mind when it comes to fresh water.
- The Green Water Footprint is the total rainwater used in the production of a commodity.
- The Gray Water Footprint is an indicator of pollution. It is a conceptual figure that shows the degree of freshwater pollution it causes in product production.
The amount of water per person per day for drinking and using purposes in Turkey is 216 lt.The amount of water consumed through goods and services is 5,416 lt per person per day. When you say “the amount of water consumed through goods and services”, it is the amount of water used in all processes that a commodity spends until it reachs the consumer. For example, a T-shirt begins from the cotton plant in the field in raw materials; watering cotton, cotton is yarn, yarn is fabric, fabric is dyed, T-shirt is touched on textile countertops.
In general, water conservation is known as little use in the kitchen, bathroom, but that is not the case. It’s all connected by the ties we can see or can’t see. We also use water to make bread, but when we waste it, it just seems like a “waste of bread.” However, if we knew that 40 liters of water were spent on a slice of bread, or if we knew that 8 tons of water were spent on a pair of leather shoes, maybe we would be more careful when consuming it.
As a result, I think the secret is that it consumes little. For example, to be able to eat half a plate, to wear a shoe for 3 years, to use the seating for 15 years, the car for 20 years, and the mobile phone for 7 years. We hope to be able to reach the maturity of the mind to consume little…