Smart Grids and Efficiency – Why energy efficiency ?
- Fossil resources will run out in the near future
- Alternative resources are not yet economical
- Rising prices due to rising demand
- Inability of domestic resources to prevent import dependence
- The alarm of ecological equilibrium.
It has made energy efficiency important.
"Environmental constraint, economic and political constraint should be considered today in place to create a strategy that both fulfills the realms of sustainable development and minimizes environmental hazards and economic and social costs arising from energy production and consumption. The strategy mentioned here is also the energy efficiency strategy.
Such a strategy is based on a dramatic re-address of the concept of energy needs first.
The same service can be fulfilled using less energy than it is today and at a cost less than it is today in total.
This applies to countries that use the most advanced technologies and have significantly more efficient economies.
Despite the major developments in industry and technology in the last century, natural energy resources are rapidly depletion. Therefore, energy needs to be used effectively, waste should be avoided and energy costs should be lowered.
In other words, i.e. energy consumption should be reduced before it can lead to a decrease in quality of life, i.e., increased energy efficiency.
In order to ensure the continuity of this increase, energy efficiency measurements should be made at regular intervals, these measurements should be evaluated and new investments should be made if necessary.
In short, energy efficiency means that energy resources are evaluated at the highest efficiency in all stages from production to consumption (Bozkurt, 2008).
Although many renewable energy sources do not directly create pollution, the use of material and industrial processes and construction materials required in installation can create waste and pollution' as KW is the cheapest energy unused energy'.
While macro changes are needed in terms of technological and government policy for suppliers, micro-decisions are needed at the consumer level when looking at demand (or at least in terms of energy savings).
When looking at the nuance between energy savings and efficiency, it has been revealed that protection is less to create and less, and efficiency means less energy waste. According to Michael Grunwald, 'More efficient power tools, lighting, factories and buildings as well as more efficient vehicles reduce the world's energy consumption by one-third without any real trouble.
Smart Networks and Efficiency – Ways to Increase Productivity
One way to improve efficiency is to improve distribution networks.
The term smart grids 'includes all methods from making power transfer more reliable, flexible and compatible to systems that send automated software that can detect electrical clock readings, detect broken cables and re-create the current path in the context of defects'. In the Financial Times, Ed Crooks described the term as 'an electrical network that uses information technologies to more flexibly manage energy production and consumption'.
The presence of a charge on carbon is considered the biggest obstacle to the spread of renewable energy sources. For this reason, energy efficiency investments and clean electricity generation methods should be encouraged by new legal regulations (Lardos et al., 2011). In Chart 2.7, the greenhouse gas ratio of total emissions was given as the carbon dioxide equivalent in 2004.
Chart 2.7. Greenhouse gas ratio of total emissions as carbon dioxide equivalent in 2004
|CO2 (Fossil Fuel Use)||57|
Although companies from all over the world are investing billions of dollars to develop clean energy technologies, everything has been useless unless power distribution networks are developed. This is difficult to integrate inherently non-continuous renewable energy sources with existing distribution networks. The energy flow between new sources and new forms of demand can only reach the point where the world's electricity distribution networks can meet one another when they reach a 'smarter' level.
Smart networks that will be supported by computer power are expected to be much more interactive, transparent and responsible lines than today's distribution networks.
In this way, it will be in a capacity that can cope more easily with renewable energy sources; it may be possible for electric cars to be charged in a coordinated way, for consumers to learn about consumption amounts, to control and control the networks of power stations more effectively, thereby reducing GHG emissions.
'From a sustainable point of view, the energy sector's biggest problem today is solving the issue of climate change. Human activities, especially emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, have been considered the main cause of climate change.