Protection on Smart Networks; New stations and new consumers are being added to existing networks in line with the growing energy needs today.
Since the 20th century, 21st century network and computer technologies have been added to networks running on almost the same principle, creating smart grids.
The components and technologies of a smart grid must include some structures, according to the Energy Department of America (DOE).
Many problems are encountered in traditional networks that are already in use.
The main problems are manual error detection, independent voltage regulation, unoptimized power flow and partial power management.
Using smart networks, real-time error detection and remote-controlled switching perform dynamic simulations to reduce real-time power management and losses.
Modern network infrastructures are designed interconnected. Change at any point can affect a large area in a very short period of time, which can cause much more damage to the network.
To solve this problem, the disadvantages of infrastructure that has become inadequate must be eliminated and improved network solutions should be offered.
Protection in Smart Networks – Network Failures
A reliable communication system is needed to detect and respond to possible failures in the network.
To improve the reliability, efficiency and efficiency of the system, the communication system must work in the same way reliably and effectively.
As a result of the inclusion of communication in power systems, which is one of the most important subheadings of smart networks, reliable networks will be obtained.
Another advantage that smart networks offer us is counter reading systems. Smart meters are predicted to be at 89% in 2012, up from 6% for home consumers in the United States in 2008.
With the spread of smart meters, the energy demanded by consumers can be analyzed in more detail and smart pricing can be done.
One of the most important benefits of smart networks occurs during errors in the system.
With the use of systems with very fast response time, the error at some point will prevent it from affecting the rest of the network.
With high-speed protection and remote control, the desired reliable results will be achieved.
After fault location detection is made in smart networks, various solutions are offered to ensure the continuity of energy and not to leave the consumer without energy.
Network Protection Systems
On smart networks, the protection subheading is based on predicting errors that may occur in the system.
The elements in the system are simulated in advance and protection algorithms are developed according to working conditions and loading conditions.
Configuring systems is carried out by analyzing events such as weather and sudden loading.
System simulations are of great importance at this stage. Solutions are developed by examining possible error situations in established network models.
These error events include possible failures in the grid, such as short circuits and overcurrent, in addition to efforts are being made to prevent the consumer from being without energy after the moment of failure.
In the future, with the use and propagation of smart grids, the problem of power outages will be eliminated.
The work carried out at this stage is fundamental. With alternative energy sources and distributed production facilities (Distributed Generation) to integrate into the system, losses will be reduced in the grid.
With the modeling of alternative energy sources and distributed production facilities, the realization of the protection system will create the smart grid infrastructure that will be used in the future and allow it to obtain and use greener energy.