What We Don't Think About The Future of Smart Energy Technologies and Smart Grids, Wind Power and Electric Vehicles
Our complaints from existing networks, our sensitivity to environmental pollution globally and our search for a more reliable, more flexible, greener power system can be defined differently by many definitionists and still cannot go beyond an abstract concept for most people; We have mentioned smart grid as the savior of energy needs to date, but an article I read on a website has been the source of my article below.
Many countries and almost all scientists; they are working in search of a power system to meet the increasing demand for energy that will not harm the earth.
For this purpose, they have turned to natural energy sources such as renewable solar, wind, rain, tide, geothermal heat. Developed technologies; wind, wave, rock gas, hydropower, solar, biomass and biofuels.
But although almost all of the energy sources that are available in nature and can re-renew themselves do not directly pollute nature; more waste and pollution than expected during the use of materials and construction machinery to be used in the industrial process.
However, if low amounts of energy are obtained from the agricultural profits of the land from the large lands to be occupied; economic and agricultural damages.
In light of increased investments in renewable energy technologies; It is very important to take into account the separation between fictions and reality that are proliferated in this field.
In this article, we find that the smart networks we have constructed and the most common miserly that have become myths; I'm going to try to look at it from a very different look.
Myth on the Future of Intelligent Energy Technologies: Electric vehicles will reduce air pollution.
The expected orientation to hybrid electric vehicles, for example, could end fossil fuel use in the United States. However, this can lead to deadly air pollution in some areas.
That's because i'm not going to be Carbon dioxide emissions from charging stations that will often be installed to recharge large batteries of hybrid electric vehicles that can only go 40 miles without going into fossil fuel use.
It produces 49% of U.S. electricity production using coal. However, in some areas, hybrid electric vehicles are equipped with battery charging stations; the amount of coal it will consume and the amount of fossil fuel that internal combustion diesel vehicles will consume will be almost the same.
This exchange is of course acceptable; because the use of no fossil fuels in vehicles in the city will save the U.S. economy between 50 and 100 mpg of fuel.
In parallel with the example above, in order not to encounter such problems in our own country; increasing support for renewable energy sources and degrading them to the end user through legal regulations will be the right step to take in order to meet our increasing energy demand.
Myth: Our existing networks do not pose any problems with the widespread use of electric vehicles and can meet demand.
U.S. government scientists both think that the current power system cannot meet this demand as a result of increased use of hybrid electric vehicles.
ORNL (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) research shows that increasing the number of hybrid electric vehicles will increase daily and overnight energy demand.
As a result of the investigations, the possible effects of hybrid electric vehicles in 13 U.S. regions between 2020 and 2030 for each region; It has shown that between 17:00 and 22:00, the already high energy demand will rise further.
In the worst-case scenario, all hybrid electric vehicle users are thought to be charging their vehicles at 5:00 p.m. with a 6 kW power draw, which is the case for the regions examined.
It is envisaged that 160 large capacity power plants should be installed and that there will still be fluctuations in the energy offered during this demand.
Considering our own networks, in these peak situations, in order to provide uninterrupted quality energy service, it is important to increase the production of the citizens and to look for solutions for balanced consumption; This means that with the spread of smart meters, it is possible to cut or reduce unnecessary energy sent to areas with little or no electricity needs.
Myth of the Future of Intelligent Energy Technologies: If our transmission lines break, it can deliver energy from renewable energy sources in the sector to metropolitan consumers such as certain neighborhoods, homes and plazas.
Moving the energy that has been addressed in the United States, especially in rural Texas, the Midwest and California, to urban centers such as Dallas, Chicago and Los Angeles, where demand is high due to the high demand, is one of the most important issues being sought and discussed.
Low carrying capacities of transmission lines are an obstacle and danger to the transportation of wind energy to these areas.
The more widespread and efficient use of wind energy depends on a robust and healthy transmission network.
The establishment of wind farms away from the center complicates the consumer reach of energy in bad weather conditions, but also undermines confidence in wind energy in meeting demand.
So far, wind developers and producers have used existing transmission networks, but wind power generation has increased by 45% compared to last year, which means that existing transmission networks have reached a value well above the capacity they can carry.
The development and more widespread use of wind energy now depends entirely on the development of transmission networks.
Texas, which has about 25% of U.S. wind power, saw dazzling growth in 2008.
Likewise, dozens of wind power projects in southwest Minnesota have begun to serve cities.
If only 30% of these projects have installed power of 7,500 MW, the planned transmission capacity will exceed 2,000 MW.
Alternative Solution; Wind Farms
This halts the establishment of wind farms in the Midwest southwest and California.
The increasing investment in wind energy in our country rightly brings to mind the question of if we will face the same problems.
For this reason, investors should take this situation into account when they are in charge of the business and either a new transmission network should be established in order to transport energy to the city centers for each new wind farm established, or the capacity to carry by developing the existing transmission network should be increased with accurate, precise predictions.
I believe that renewable energy sources will benefit the country's economy and energy demand when it ceases to be local.
The wind farm can be installed in a period of 18 months, while the establishment of transmission lines needs a setup time of 5 to 10 years.
This means that smart transmission lines need to take preceden priority, which can prevent disruptions, fluctuations and future problems.
Myth: Wind energy provides electrical energy supply security.
In the spring of 2008, texas power system operators experienced fluctuations and fainting surges in the city's grid due to a sudden decline in West Texas wind farms, which made great efforts to keep even the lights on.
The sudden increase in electrical energy consumption and the combined ingested in other factors caused an unexpected collapse in wind energy. As a result, network operating authorities immediately move on to the second phase of the emergency outage prevention plan.
It led to restrictions on the system between the western and northern part of the wind-powered city.
Although it is a clean source of energy, wind brings with it a variety of hidden costs and technical difficulties.
The establishment of expensive transmission lines, as well as the indecision of wind energy, means that only this energy does not provide energy to consumers, which means that the solution is either in individual generators or in in-contact systems.
Renewable energy sources should not be the only solution for increased energy demand, and of course we will need power plants that are stable for all energy needs.
Every ring of our electric power system, such as a chain ring, must be strengthened and made available for redundant work in order for increased investment in renewable energy sources and electric vehicles to provide economic and quality service benefits.
In this case, every part of the network should be strengthened by the management of the division.
1) Smart Grid: Myths and Realities of Renewable Energy – Smart Grid News – Grid Modernization and the Smart Grid