Smart Network Applications Europe around the world
Smart network components with many examples in the United States also have many applications in Europe. There is a "European Technology Platform (ETP) Smart Grids" report that states how Europe will build its smart grid that will bring solar energy from the south, wave energy from the west and wind energy from the north.
According to the current publication (Dispower, Distributed Generation with High Penetration of Renewable Energy Sources), the European network will undergo a change in the near future, and according to kyoto protocol, Europe plans to double its production from renewable energy sources by 2010 (Cetinkaya, 2009).
According to Germany's "DENA-I", the German government is targeting reducing carbon emissions from 859 million tons/year to 846 million tons/year between 2008 and 2012. For this, it is planned that the proportion of renewable energy sources will be 12.5% in 2010 and 20% in 2020, up from 10% in 2004.
In 2020, this rate was increased to 30% in the "DENA-II" study published later. The main goal was to use a certain amount of renewable energy in place of the plants that have 100 years of life.
First, weak spots are targeted, and new YG lines (2015-850km), active and reactive power control are planned for network regeneration and growth required for them. By 2015, the stability and reliability check of the entire system will be done and it is targeted to determine critical network situations (Cetinkaya, 2009).
Smart Network Applications around the world – Asia
India has one of the weakest networks in the world. According to the Indian Ministry of Energy, it has the largest transmission and distribution losses in the world (26% and 62% in some regions). These losses are stated to be 50% when fugitives are included. That's why the "Smarts Grids India" conference in 2008 launched work on smart networks.
In China, new productions and new lines are being created very quickly. Therefore, it is one of the countries that needs a smart and developmental network the most.
Every week, the Chinese government builds coal plants large enough to meet all household applications in Dallas or San Diego. Smart grid work in China was launched after the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) forum in 2007 (Cetinkaya, 2009).
Smart Network Applications around the world – Malta
Malta can briefly qualify as the first smart grid country. The Maltese government has addressed water and power issues as a system. He gave great importance to the education of the people so that his citizens could make decisions about when and how to use electricity.
The 250,000 interactive meters it has implemented have been rewarded for monitoring electricity consumption in real time, implementing variable tariffs and consuming less energy (Yilmaz, 2011).
The Amsterdam pilot study was originally funded by the European Union's European Regional Development Fund. The aim of the project is to increase the use of renewable energy sources by 20% by 2020. This project is actually part of the smart city project.
Pilot program participants will be able to see their energy usage instantaneously and make the appropriate changes themselves thanks to the smart meters they use. As a result, it is planned to reduce the cost of energy used and reduce CO2 emissions (Yilmaz, 2011).
Erikson, the main manufacturer of telecommunications vehicles in Sweden, planned to implement the project, which envisions the establishment of a science-research center in "Skolkovo" innovation, Russia. Work within the scope of this project will begin this year.
Solving problems with the development of smart power grids is the main aspect of the work to be carried out in the science research center.Two years ago, Erikson connected more than 500,000 apartments with its partners, Italian companies, to the smart power grid.
Each of these apartments has a meter that allows electricity consumption to be controlled by the energy company within 24 hours.
The smart energy grid continuously controls the energy company's electricity consumption, allowing it to predict its increase. Thus, it was possible to avoid electrical distress if air conditioners were to be operated while the air was hot (Anonymous, 2011).
Chicago's historic skyline has always been a source of pride for the city's residents. As several new buildings continue to rise in Chicago at the moment, building owners have developed a plan to take advantage of the latest developments: 'Smart Grid Technologies'.
The 'Smart Network Technologies' in question planned to transform the city's symbolic silhouette into what sponsors call the 'Virtual Green Generator', both by 'retrofitting' multi-storey buildings and by building a new hyper-connected intelligent communication backbone to replace the existing electricity network. Local universities, including the 'Illinois Institute of Technology' and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, are also contributing to the development of these high-tech 'Smart Network Technologies'.
In fact, the 'Windy City', which attracts tenants interested in lowering billing costs and has green know-how, has become a birthplace as the largest pilot project of 'Smart Network Systems', where the most popular electrical engineering universities are located. Providing fertile ground with public support and cooperation, the city plans to strengthen 50 percent of industrial structures and commercial buildings with 'retrofitting' by 2020 through the 'Chicago Climate Action Plan' initiated by Mayor Richard Daley in 2008.
Chicago Building Owners and Managers Association Chicago-BOMA); The Aon Centre covers about 300 commercial buildings, including willis tower and hancock center. Thanks to the use of Smart Network Technologies, an equal amount of energy can be reduced to the energy production of a coal plant (Anonymous, 2011).
Smart Network System
Through the 'Smart Network System', residents will charge their cars with cheaper energy, while the photovoltaics on their roofs or wind bleachers in their gardens will sell their more energy to the system and make revenue.
However, consumers and developers have serious reservations about the 'Smart Network System'. It has been noted that it causes a number of health problems, that 'Smart Meter' miscalculation in some cases, that this results in high-cost bills and violates consumer rights because it is different from the used measurement system.
Chicago, UIC researchers are working on a cybersecurity system where they can list issues related to consumer privacy. Moreover, contrary to concerns about job losses, groups that are components of the Chicago initiative believed the project would bring the potential for 'green business' to the city.
The non-profit 'Clean Energy Trust' and IIT have collaborated on this issue to develop small business cluster initiatives.
The 'Smart Network System' will directly affect architects' design strategies: the better performing structure has also been a more economical structure. Creating a good design within the scope of 'Smart Network System' will not only mean energy 'acquisition', but also 'revenue'.
Those who come to Chicago today look at Chicago's historic skyline and see the city's architectural and economic heritage. A few years later, when they look again, they will see perhaps the world's most successful renewable energy source (Anonymous, 2011).
Smart Network Applications around the world – South Korea
As part of the South Korean government's goal of reducing carbon emissions, it has indicated that it will invest 2 trillion won ($1.8 billion) in smart grid investments within 5 years.
In the event of the development of the country's existing power grid and the provision of bilateral communication on the grids, 37 million won of value can be saved by a 10 percent decrease in the total electricity consumption of the country in 2030, as well as more electricity from clean energy sources such as solar and wind can be transported through power lines.
Public and private companies in South Korea are expected to invest 27.5 million won for smart networks by 2030.
South Korea's leadership wants to make it possible for consumers to knowingly use electricity more efficiently in advance during periods of high electricity use and therefore high prices, while also connecting many more renewable energy systems to the electricity grid (Anonymous, 2011).
Mental network investments in the world
China said in 2010 it would spend $7.3 billion on the Smart Grid System.
According to a study by American research and consulting firm Zpyrme, China has stated that it will invest more in smart grid systems in 2010 than any other country in the world.
According to the organization's study, in 2010, China will spend $7.3 billion on investment in this area, while the United States will use $7.1 billion to invest in it.
For the same purpose, other countries' investment expenditures are planned as such;
Japan: $849 million
South Korea: $824 million
Spain: $807 million
Germany: $397 million
Australia: $360 million
United Kingdom: $290 million
France: $265 million
Brazil: $204 million
The reason for the low investment of countries such as France and the UK is due to the fact that their energy infrastructure is much more advanced (Anonymous, 2010).